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Medical Terminology Lists
Courtesy of MT Monthly

bulletAIDS-Related Terminology
bulletAllergens
bulletPulmonary Terminology
bulletHerbs
bullet8th Anniversary Terminology Review

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AIDS-Related Terminology

bullet3TC (lamivudine) — antiviral
bulletABPP (bropirimine) — immunomodulator
bulletACTG: AIDS Clinical Trials Groups
bulletaerosolized
bulletAlferon LDO (interferon, alfa-n3) — cytokine
bulletAlferon N (interferon, alfa-n3) — cytokine
bulletAmFAR: The American Foundation for AIDS Research
bulletAmpligen — immunomodulator
bulletanemia
bulletanergy
bulletantagonist
bulletantigen
bulletantigenemia
bulletantiviral — destructive to viruses
bulletARC: acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-related complex
bulletaspergillosis
bulletassay
bulletAzdU (azidouridine) — antiviral
bulletbioavailability
bulletblood brain barrier
bulletblood-cerebrospinal fluid barrier
bulletCandida albicans
bulletcandidiasis
bulletCarrisyn (acemannan) — antiviral, immunomodulator
bulletCD4
bulletCDC: The Centers for Disease Control
bulletcell proliferation
bulletCMV: cytomegalovirus
bulletcompassionate use
bulletcorticosteroid
bulletcotton-wool spots
bulletCPK: creatine phosphokinase
bulletCRDS (curdlan sulfate) — antiviral
bulletcryptococcal meningitis
bulletcytokine — nonantibody proteins to generate immune response
bulletddC or Hivid (zalcitabin)
bulletddl or Videx (didanosine)
bulletEL 10 (DHEA) — immunomodulator
bulletFIAC (fiacitabine) — antiviral
bulletFIAU (fialuridine) — antiviral
bulletFLT (fluorothymidine) — antiviral
bulletFluimucil (acetylcysteine) — immunomodulator
bulletG6PD: glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase
bulletGamimune-N — immunomodulator
bulletGM-CSF: granulocyte macrophage colony stimulating factor
bulletgranulocyte
bulletgranulocytopenia
bulletGS 393 (PMEA) — antiviral
bullethairy leukoplakia
bullethematocrit
bullethemoglobin
bulletherpes simplex virus 2 (HSV-2)
bulletherpes zoster (shingles)
bulletHIVIG (HIV immune globulin) — immunomodulator
bullethyperplasia
bullethypokalemia
bullethypomagnesemia
bulletimmunomodulating
bulletimmunomodulator — alters the body’s immune response to antigenic challenge
bulletImreg-1 — immunomodulator
bulletImuthiol — immunomodulator
bulletinterferons
bulletinterleukin-2 PEG — cytokine
bulletIntron A (interferon, alfa-2b) — cytokine
bulletiscador — antiviral
bulletKarnofsky score
bulletKS: Kaposi sarcoma
bulletLDH: lactic dehydrogenase
bulletLentinan-Ajinomoto (lentinan) — immunomodulator
bulletLeucomax (molgramostim) — cytokine
bulletleucovorin calcium
bulletLeukine (sargramostim) — cytokine
bulletleukocyte
bulletleukopenia
bulletLinomide (roquinimex) — immunomodulator
bulletlymphocyte
bulletlymphokines
bulletmacrophage
bulletMAI: Mycobacterium avium intracellulare
bulletmitogen
bulletNeupogen (filgrastim) — cytokine
bulletneutropenia
bulletneutrophil
bulletNIAID: The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease
bulletNovapren — antiviral
bulletNutropin — cytokine
bulletNystatin-LF I.V. (AR-121) — antiviral
bulletopportunistic infection
bulletOxandrin (oxandrolone) — cytokine
bulletp24 antigen
bulletpassive immunotherapy
bulletPBMC: peripheral blood mononuclear cells
bulletperipheral neuropathy
bulletplasma
bulletplatelets
bulletProleukin (aldesleukin) — cytokine
bulletPWA: person with AIDS or people with AIDS
bulletPWARC: person with ARC or people with ARC
bulletrecombinant
bulletretinitis
bulletretinopathy
bulletRetrovir (zidovudine)
bulletreverse transcriptase
bulletRNA: ribonucleic acid
bulletRoferon-A (interferon, alfa-2a) — cytokine
bulletScriptene (AZT-P-ddI) — antiviral
bulletseropositive
bulletSGOT: serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase
bulletstaphylococcus
bulletsystemic
bulletT4 cell
bulletT-helper cell
bulletthrombocytopenia
bulletthrush
bulletTimunox (thymopentin) — immunomodulator
bulletTP-1 (thymostimuline) — immunomodulator
bullettreatment IND: treatment investigational new drug
bulletT-suppressor cell
bulletUendex (dextran sulfate) — antiviral
bulleturic acid
bulletVeldona — cytokine
bulletVIMRxyn (hypericin) — antiviral
bulletVirazole (ribavirin) — antiviral
bulletwasting syndrome
bulletWellferon (interferon alfa) — cytokine
bulletZerit (stavudine)

Allergens

bulletaerosol sprays
bulletAlternaria mold
bulletAmaranth-Chenopod
bulletanimal dander
bulletants, venom from bites
bulletash trees
bulletAspergillus
bulletaspirin
bulletAureobasidium (Pullularia)
bulletautomobile exhaust
bulletbahia grass
bulletbarley
bulletbedbugs, venom from bites
bulletbees, venom from bites
bulletBermuda grass
bulletblack flies, venom from bites
bulletbox eider trees
bulletbroad (lava) beans
bulletcelery
bulletchemes
bulletchymopapain
bulletcigarette smoke
bulletCladosporium
bulletcockroaches
bulletcodfish
bulletdeer flies, venom from bites
bulletdetergents
bulletDock-Plantain
bulletdust
bulleteggs
bulletelm trees
bulletEnglish plantain
bulletEpicoccum
bulletfermented foods
bulletfiberglass
bulletfleas, venom from bites
bulletfood dyes
bulletformaldehyde
bulletFusarium
bulletgreasewood
bulletHelminthosporium
bullethemp
bullethickory trees
bullethornets, venom from bites
bullethorse flies, venom from bites
bulletinjectables dyes
bulletinsulin
bulletiodine
bulletJohnson grass
bulletjuniper trees
bulletKentucky bluegrass
bulletkochia
bulletlamb's quarters
bulletlegumes
bulletlice, venom from bites
bulletmaple trees
bulletmarsh elder
bulletMetabisulfite
bulletmilk
bulletmold spores
bulletMonosodium glutamate
bulletmosquitoes, venom from bites
bulletmountain cedar trees
bulletMucor
bulletnettle
bulletNSAIDs
bulletoak trees
bulletoats
bulletorchard grass
bulletoysters
bulletpaint
bulletpalm tree
bulletpeanuts
bulletpears
bulletpecan trees
bulletPenicillium
bulletperfume
bulletPertussis
bulletpigweed
bulletpine resin
bulletplantain
bulletplicatic acid
bulletplums
bulletpoison ivy (Toxicodendron)
bulletpoison sumac
bulletpoison oak
bulletpoverty weed
bulletragweed
bulletredroot pigweed
bulletredtop grass
bulletRhizopus
bulletRussian Thistle
bulletSaltbush
bulletshellfish
bulletsmotherweed
bulletsoybeans
bulletstrawberries
bulletsulfa drugs
bulletsulfites (preservatives)
bulletsweet vernal grass
bullettimothy grass
bullettumbleweed
bullettuna
bulletwalnuts
bulletwasps, venom from bites
bulletwestern water hemp
bulletwheat
bulletyellow-jackets, venom from bites

Compiled by Doris Anderson and Pat Bowen, CMT

 

 

Pulmonary Terminology
Including chest x-ray terminology and pulmonary medications

bulletAeroBid and AeroBid-M
bulletalbuterol: Proventil
bulletAlupent
bulletamphoric
bulletaorta
bulletapex
bulletapical area
bulletARDS: adult respiratory distress syndrome
bulletatelectasis
bulletAtrovent
bulletauscultation and percussion
bulletAzmacort
bulletazygos lobe
bulletbase
bulletbasilar rales
bulletBeclovent
bulletbeta-2 agonist
bulletBi-PAP: bilateral positive airway pressure
bulletbibasilar
bulletblue bloater
bulletbone demineralization
bulletbone mineralization
bulletbony anatomy
bulletbony changes
bulletBOOP: bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia
bulletBrethaire
bulletBrethine
bulletbronchial breathing
bulletbronchogenic
bulletbronchopulmonary dysplasia
bulletbronchovesicular breathing
bulletBronkometer
bulletbubbling rales
bulletcalcifications
bulletcalcified granuloma
bulletcardiac silhouette
bulletcardiomegaly
bulletcarina
bulletcoarse breath sounds
bulletcoarse rales
bulletcoin lesion
bulletcold Freon effect: patient stops inhaling when the cold propellant spray hits the back of the mouth
bulletcollapsed lung
bulletCOPD: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
bulletcorticosteroid
bulletcostophrenic angles
bulletCPAP: continuous positive airway pressure
bulletcrackling rales
bulletcrepitant rales
bulletdecreased breath sounds
bulletdegenerative changes
bulletdiminished breath sounds
bulletdisk space narrowing
bulletdistant breath sounds
bulletDuarte double heterozygote
bulletE to A changes
bulletemphysema
bulletemphysematous changes
bulletempyema
bulletend expiratory wheezes
bulletend inspiratory wheezes
bulletFEV1: forced expiratory volume in one second
bulletfibrocalcific residuals
bulletfibronodular infiltrate
bulletfibrosis
bulletFVC: forced vital capacity
bulletFVL: flow volume loop
bulletGentlehaler: compact low-velocity pressurized aerosol device
bulletground-glass opacification
bulletheart size
bullethemidiaphragms
bullethemithorax
bullethemothorax
bullethigh-pitched rhonchi
bullethilar region
bullethydropneumothorax
bullethydrothorax
bullethyperinflation
bulletinfiltrate
bulletInspirEase
bulletInspiron
bulletIntal
bulletinterstitial markings
bulletintervertebral disk space
bulletipratropium bromide aerosol
bulletisoprenaline
bulletkyphoscoliosis
bulletkyphosis
bulletlateral view
bulletlinear opacities
bulletLIS: lung injury score
bulletlower lobe
bulletlumbar region
bulletlumbosacral
bulletlung fields
bulletlungs are well expanded and clear
bulletMaxair Autohaler
bulletMaxi-Myst
bulletMDI: metered dose inhaler
bulletmediastinum
bulletMedimist
bulletMMFR: maximum mid-expiratory flow rate
bulletMucomyst
bulletMucosal 10 & 20 Solution
bulletmultidose powder inhaler
bulletmultifocal areas of consolidation
bulletnebulizer
bulletnipple markers
bulletosteoarthritis
bulletosteopenia
bulletosteophyte formation
bulletosteoporosis
bulletPA (posterior-anterior) view
bulletPAO2: arterial oxygen tension
bulletparenchymal distortion
bulletpatchy infiltrates
bulletPEEP: positive end-expiratory pressure
bulletPERF: peak expiratory flow rate
bulletperibronchial cuffing
bulletperihilar
bulletPFTs: pulmonary function tests
bulletpink puffer
bulletpleural density
bulletpleural effusion
bulletpleural friction rub
bulletpneumonia
bulletpneumonitis
bulletpneumothorax
bulletpost-tussive rhonchi
bulletProventil: albuterol
bulletPulmo-Aide nebulizer
bulletpulmonary overexpansion
bulletpulmonary toilet
bulletPulmozyme
bulletrales
bulletRespbid
bulletrespiratory distress
bulletreticular opacities
bulletrhonchi
bulletriding the ventilator
bulletrubs
bulletsacralization
bulletscarring
bulletscoliosis
bulletSerevent: bronchodilator
bulletSlow-bid
bulletsoft tissue mass
bulletspondylosis
bulletspurring
bulletsuccussion splash
bulletTheo-Dur
bulletthoracic
bulletthoracic kyphosis
bulletTilade
bullettomogram
bullettrachea is midline
bullettuberculosis
bullettubular breathing
bulletTurbuhaler: multi-dose powder inhaler
bulletupper lobe
bulletVanceril
bulletvascularity
bulletVentolin
bulletvesicular breathing
bulletVitalograph MDI compact spirometer
bulletwhistling rhonchi
bulletWright peak flow

 

 

Herbs

bulletagrimony
bulletalfalfa
bulletaloe
bulletangelica root
bulletanise seed
bulletarthritis tea
bulletastragalus
bulletbarberry bark
bulletbee pollen
bulletbergamot herb
bulletbilberry leaf
bulletbirch bark
bulletblackberry leaf
bulletblack cohosh
bulletbladderwrack
bulletblessed thistle
bulletblue cohosh
bulletblue flag
bulletblue violet
bulletblueberry leaf
bulletboldo leaf
bulletboneset
bulletbromelain
bulletbuchu leaf
bulletbuckthorn bark
bulletburdock leaf & root
bulletbutternut bark
bulletCalendula flower
bulletcaprylic acid
bulletcapsicum (cayenne)
bulletcaraway seed
bulletcascara sagrada bark
bulletcatnip
bulletcayenne powder
bulletcelery lead and seed
bulletcentaury
bulletchamomile flower
bulletchervil
bulletchickweed
bulletcolombo root
bulletcoltsfoot herb & flower
bulletcomfrey
bulletcornsilk
bulletcramp bark
bulletcubeb berry
bulletcurcumin
bulletdamiana leaf
bulletdandelion leaf & root
bulletdong quai root
bulletechinacea root
bulletelecampane
bulleteucalyptus leaf
bulleteyebright herb
bulletfennel seed
bulletfenugreek seed
bulletfeverfew herb
bulletFo-Ti
bulletginger root
bulletginkgo biloba
bulletginseng root
bulletgoldenseal root & leaf
bulletgotu kola
bulletgravel root
bulletgreen barley
bulletHawthorne leaf
bullethenna
bullethibiscus flower
bulletHoly Thistle
bullethops flower
bullethorehound
bullethorsetail (shavegrass)
bulletho shou wu
bullethydrangea root
bullethyssop
bulletjuniper berries
bulletkava kava root
bulletkelp
bulletlady’s slippler root
bulletlavender flower
bulletlecithin
bulletlemon balm
bulletlicorice root
bulletliver tonic tea
bulletlobelia
bulletma huang
bulletmalva flower
bulletmeadowsweet
bulletmilk thistle herb
bulletmugwort
bulletmullein leaf
bulletmustard seed
bulletmyrrh gum
bulletnettle leaf
bulletnutmeg
bulletoat straw
bulletoregano leaf
bulletOregon grape root
bulletpassiflora
bulletpassion flower
bulletpatchouly leaf
bulletPau d’Arco
bulletpennyroyal
bulletpeppermint leaf
bulletplaintain leaf
bulletpleurisy root
bulletpoppy seed blue
bulletprickley ash bark
bulletPrince’s Pine
bulletpsyllium seed
bulletpurple coneflower
bulletQueen of the Meadow
bulletred clover tops
bulletred raspberry leaf
bulletred sage
bulletrhubarb root
bulletrose hips
bulletrosemary
bulletsafflower
bulletsaffron
bulletsanicle
bulletsarsaparilla root
bulletsassafras leaf & root
bulletsaw palmetto berry
bulletscullcap
bulletseawrack
bulletsenna
bulletslippery elm
bulletsolomon’s seal root
bulletspeedwell
bulletspikenard
bulletstar anis
bulletSt. Johns-wort
bulletsumach berry & bark
bulletsummer savory leaf
bulletthyme leaf
bulletturmeric
bulletUva Ursi leaf
bulletvalerian root
bulletvervain
bulletwhite oak bark
bulletwild alum root
bulletwild cherry bark
bulletwild yam
bulletwood betony
bulletwoodruff
bulletyarrow root
bulletyellow dock root
bulletyerba santa
bulletyohime
bulletyucca root

Editor’s note: Thanks to Darla Haberer, CMT, for her help in preparing this list.